by Harold Thomas
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Hardback - 304 pages (May, 2001) $24.95
2001, Mountain Laurel Publishing Corporation, Custer City, PA 16725
It Is Sad To Live In A Country Where The White Settler Forced Slavery And War Upon The Native Indian And We Have A Long Road
Ahead Of Us Fighting Constantly The Fruits Of Discrimination. For Too Long The White Man And Now All Races Have
Accommodated Themselves Through Immigration In Our Country And Came To Steal Our Land Of The Mexican Indians And The
American Natives. Who Am I, I Am Mexican/Spanish Indian Native Of Texas, Which Used To Be Mexico And Which Land The United States
Acquired And Called Texas. My Grandfather, Heir Of Padre Island, The Only Island In Texas, Lost All His Island Royalty Estate To The Theft Of A White
I felt very proud to see all your messages, I come from Aruba a very small
Dutch Island in the Caribbean sea, My island was one of the first Indian reservation in the Americas made by the
Spanish and then the Dutch, the ancestors of my ancestors, the old ones, who were here long before any white men
could be heard and before the great migration, lived here for many years in
peace. After about a thousand years before the coming of the Spaniards, a more sedentary tribe migrated form the Orinoco river and the Andes
mountains area to the north western part of now Venezuela, these people became the Caque People from the
great Arawak nation of the Caribbean Sea, they got the name Caquetios by the Spanish and Caiquetio in
Papiamento. I am one of their descendants, even thou no full blood is more alive we still carry the blood and
spirit. Many Native North Americans and South American tribes people came and were
brought here to Aruba for many different reasons. History claims that some were from the clan of Geronimo other were
Irokees. Also others who were causing trouble to the Dutch in other parts of the State and were send here far from their home
land. Here we speak a Papiamento which is made out of half Aruban
Indian, some Guarani and the rest is bad: Spanish, Dutch, Portugues, Italian, French, and English. Many of our Native Animals, Sites, Plants, Spirits and
Indians in War
Indians have taken part in all wars, especially World War II, where their courage, unique languages, and scouting abilities were invaluable. Roughly 25,000 Indian men and women served while 40,000 others worked at war related jobs. Indian tribes invested more than $17,000,000 in war bonds, over and above purchases made by individuals. After WWII, the Office of Indian Affairs recorded 71 awards of the Air medal, 51 of the Silver Star, 47 of the Bronze Star, 34 of the Distinguished Flying Cross and two of the Congressional Medal of Honor.
A Ute Indian, Pfc. Harvey Natchees, wearer of the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart, was the first American soldier to enter Berlin.
Wars Fought by Indians in the United States:
Whitman Mission - 1847
Cayuse War - 1847-1850
Rogus River Wars - 1851-1853 1864-1856
Lava Beds - 1873
Medoc War - 1872-1873
Bear Paw Mountain - 1877
Nez Perce War - 1877
Big Hole - 1877
White Bird Canyon - 1877
Walker War - 1853
Canyon de Chelly - 1864
Nevajo Wars - 1846-1864
Apache Wars - 1881-1900
Apache Pass - Bighorn - 1876
Santa Fe - 1880
Apache Pass - 1862
Rosebud - 1878
Sioux Wars - 1854-1890
Ft. Laramie Fight -1854Wounded Knee - 1890
Laramie Fight - 1854
Sand Creek - 1864
Southern Plains War - 1860-1879
Washita - 1868
Red River War - 1874
New Ulm - 1862
Bad Axe - 1832
Black Hawk War - 1832
Ft. Dearborn 1812
Tippacanoe - 1811
Harmar's Defeat - 1780
St. Clair's Defeat - 1791
Ft. Detroit - 1763
Brownstown Creek - 1812
Fallen Timbers - 1794
Pontiac's War 1763
Point Pleasant - 1774
Lord Dunmore's War - 1774
Horseshoe Bend - 1814
Creek War - 1813-1814
Ft. Mims - 1813
French and Indian Wars - 1689-1783
Pequot War - 1637
W. Mystic - 1637
King Phillip's War - 1675-1678
Swansas - 1675
S. Kingston - 1676
Block Island - 1638
Jamestown - 1622-1644
First Seminole War - 1816-1818
Dade's Massacre - 1835
Second Seminole War - 1835-1842
Lake Okeechobee - 1837
Native Americans had a Major Influence on the Names of U.S. States
ALABAMA - Derived from a Chocktaw Indian word meaning "thicket clearers", or "vegetation gatherers"; it was a name of a Muskhogean Tribe that once occupied the area.
ALASKA - Alakshak or alayeska "a great country"; Aluet word thought to mean "main land" or "and that is not an island".
ARIZONA - Derived from the Pima Indian village of Arizonac, probably means" place of the small (little) spring".
ARKANSAS - Quapaw - a tribe known as Arkansas - meaning "downstream".
CALIFORNIA - Named by early Spanish explorers after a fictional island in a16th century Spanish tale, the area so named was thought to be an island.
COLORADO - Spanish word meaning "ruddy" or "reddish" - named by its first territorial governor, William Gilpin, because the region contains the source of the Colorado River.
CONNECTICUT - Indian name Quonecktacut "Long River of the Pines"; Algonquian Indian quinnehtukgut, meaning "beside the long tidal river".
DELAWARE - Named after Thomas West - Baron de la Warr.
FLORIDA - Ponce de Leon either called it "Feast of Flowers" because of the flowers or Easter week, "Pascua Florida", because that was when it was discovered.
GEORGIA - Named after King George II of Great Britain.
HAWAII - Of uncertain origin. Possibly named by Hawaii Loa, traditional discoverer of the islands, after himself, or named after the traditional home of the Polynesian, Hawaii, or Hawaiki.
IDAHO - Uncertain origin. May have come from Idahi, the Kiowa-Apache name for Comanche Indians, or from Eedah-how, a Shoshonean greeting, roughly equivalent to "good morning".
ILLINOIS - Named after an Indian tribe meaning "Tribe of Superior Men".
INDIANA - Inhabited by people known as Mound Builders, The Miami; means "land of the Indians".
IOWA - Indian tribe of Siouan stock; named for The Iowa Indians; or Ayuhwa "Sleepy Ones", named by their Sioux enemies.
KANSAS - Named after the Kansa Indians.
KENTUCKY - Meaning "prairie" or "meadowland" from the Iroquois Indians word Kentake.
LOUISIANA - Named after King Louie XIV of France.
MAINE - Distinguished from the term "main"; was called "The Main".
MARYLAND - Named after Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of Charles I.
MASSACHUSETTS - The Massachusetts Indians; thought to be of Algonquian origin meaning "near the great hill".
MICHIGAN - Algonquian Indian word meaning Michiguma or "great water" or "great lake"; or Algonquian words michi ("large") and gami ("lake"). (See another meaning at the bottom of this section)
MINNESOTA - Sioux called Minisota meaning "sky tinted water" because of the land of sky blue water nickname; another source says "clouded water" because of the light colored clay it carried in suspension.
MISSISSIPPI - Algonquian words misi and sipi, meaning "big river", also meaning "father of waters".
MISSOURI - Illinois Emissourita "dwellers of the big muddy"; named for the Missouri Indians and means either "town of the large canoes" or "people having wooden canoes".
MONTANA - Spanish for "mountains", also said to mean "mountainous region".
NEBRASKA - From the Siouan or Oto Indian word nebrathka, meaning "flat water".
NEVADA - Spanish word meaning "snow covered".
NEW HAMPSHIRE - Named after the English county of Hampshire.
NEW JERSEY - Named after the Isle of Jersey off of England.
NEW MEXICO - Self explanatory.
NEW YORK - Named in honor of the Duke of York and Albany, later King James II.
NORTH CAROLINA - Named in honor of Charles I of England.
NORTH DAKOTA - Dakota Indian's Siouan word for "allies".
OHIO - Iroquois word meaning "beautiful" or "great river".
OKLAHOMA - Chocktaw word meaning "red man"; or "okla" and "humma" meaning" people" and "red".
OREGON - Uncertain origin. Frontiersman Robert Roger was the first to use the name (spelled Ouragon, Ourgan, or Ourigan) in 1765, referring to the Columbia River; one account traces the name to a corruption of the French word for Wisconsin (ouisconsin).
PENNSYLVANIA - Named after William Penn ("Penn's Woods") by King Charles II of England.
RHODE ISLAND - Variously attributed to the Italian navigator, Giovanni daVerrazano, who wrote that one of the Islands in Narragansett Bay reminded him of the Island of Rhodes; and to the Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block, who gave an Island in the Bay the name "Red Island" (roodt eylandt in Dutch).
SOUTH CAROLINA - Named in honor of Charles I of England.
SOUTH DAKOTA - Dakota Indians Siouan word for "allies".
TENNESSEE - Probably named for an ancient capital of the Cherokee Indians.
TEXAS - From the Spanish word "tejas", rendering of the Hasinai Indian word tayshas, which meant "allies" or "friends".
UTAH - Ute - a North American Indian tribe of the Shoshonean branch of the Uto - Aztecan language family; also spelled Uta.
VERMONT - French words "monts" and "verts" meaning green mountains.
VIRGINIA - Name given for Queen Elizabeth I, Englands virgin queen.
WASHINGTON - Named after first U. S. president.
WEST VIRGINIA - The western countries of Virginia remained loyal to the Union after the rest of the States joined the Confederacy in 1861. Two years later, they became the separate State of West Virginia.
WISCONSIN - Derived from Weeskonsan, an Ojibwa Indian word, also meaning "gathering of the waters".
WYOMING - A Delaware Indian term meaning "at (on) the big (great) plains"; originally applied to the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania.
MICHIGAN - ANOTHER STORY
This information was compiled from various sources. At times, they contradicted each other. This is for general trivia use only - not homework assignments. The Seeker takes no responsibility for the validity of the origins.
A Little Humor
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